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portrait de louis xiv

Though not necessarily opposed to Spain, she sought to end the war with a French victory, in order to establish a lasting peace between the Catholic nations. La goutte est venue à notre secours. A 1701 portrait of Louis XIV of France, known as Louis the Great or the Sun King (1638-1715), painting by Hyacinthe Rigaud. He also attracted, supported and patronized such artists as André Charles Boulle, who revolutionised marquetry with his art of inlay, today known as "Boulle Work". Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies. Rigaud's original, now housed in the Louvre, was originally meant as a gift to Louis' grandson, Philip V of Spain. Buoyed by the victory of Louis, duc d’Enghien (later known as le Grand Condé) at the Battle of Lens, Mazarin, on Queen Anne's insistence, arrested certain members in a show of force. He saw the persistence of Protestantism as a disgraceful reminder of royal powerlessness. This line can be traced back more than 1,200 years from Robert of Hesbaye to the present day, through Kings of France & Navarre, Spain and Two-Sicilies, Dukes of Parma and Grand-Dukes of Luxembourg, Princes of Orléans and Emperors of Brazil. This military manoeuvre was also intended to protect his eastern provinces from Imperial invasion by depriving the enemy army of sustenance, thus explaining the preemptive scorched earth policy pursued in much of southwestern Germany (the "Devastation of the Palatinate"). Mazarin suppressed the revolt in 1653 and by decade’s end had restored internal order and negotiated a peace treaty with Hapsburg Spain, making France a leading European power. Par son éclat et sa qualité, ce portrait s'est imposé comme le « portrait officiel » de Louis XIV. They helped to curb the independent spirit of the nobility, imposing order on them at court and in the army. In 1705, the Emperor Leopold I died. In addition to portraits, Louis commissioned at least 20 statues of himself in the 1680s, to stand in Paris and provincial towns as physical manifestations of his rule. H. 276 ; L. 194. [14], All this led her to advocate a forceful policy in all matters relating to the King's authority, in a manner that was much more radical than the one proposed by Mazarin. "[8], It was his mother who gave Louis his belief in the absolute and divine power of his monarchical rule.[9]. French military successes near the end of the war took place against the background of a changed political situation in Austria. In their analysis, his early reforms centralised France and marked the birth of the modern French state. [18] "In one sense, Louis' childhood came to an end with the outbreak of the Fronde. With the exception of the current Royal Chapel (built near the end of his reign), the palace achieved much of its current appearance after the third building campaign, which was followed by an official move of the royal court to Versailles on 6 May 1682. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. He is wearing his coronation robe embroidered with the royal fleur de lys along with some key elements of Baroque style such as the cravat, red heels, and the wig. [19] "The family home became at times a near-prison when Paris had to be abandoned, not in carefree outings to other chateaux but in humiliating flights". More challenging skills were required to perform this dance with movements very much resembling court behaviors, as a way to remind the nobles of the king's absolute power and their own status. This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne. He also enforced uniformity of religion under the Gallican Catholic Church. The conclusion of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1668 also induced Louis to demolish Paris's northern walls in 1670 and replace them with wide tree-lined boulevards.[98]. [12] She left the direction of the daily administration of policy to Cardinal Mazarin. Beginning in 1648, their discontent erupted into a civil war known as the Fronde, which forced the royal family to flee Paris and instilled a lifelong fear of rebellion in the young king. He also appointed himself patron of the Académie Française, the body that regulates the French language, and established various institutes for the arts and sciences. [100] Louis used court ritual and the arts to validate and augment his control over France. Le roi est représenté debout en pied, de trois quarts à gauche, la tête en contre-plongée et les pieds en vue plongeante, cette pose calculée ayant pour but de présenter la plus grande partie de sa personne. Through these liaisons, he produced numerous illegitimate children, most of whom he married to members of cadet branches of the royal family. This led to the bombardment of Brussels, in which more than 4,000 buildings were destroyed, including the entire city-center. Séguier was the person who had interrogated Anne in 1637, treating her like a "common criminal" as she described her treatment following the discovery that she was giving military secrets and information to Spain.

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