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In 1968, Jiang had Zhou's adopted son (Sun Yang) and daughter (Sun Weishi) tortured and murdered by Maoist Red Guards. [21][22], Jiang Qing was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve in 1981. Staff were assigned to chase away birds and cicadas from her Imperial Fishing Villa. After being released for medical treatment, Jiang Qing committed suicide in May 1991. HTML5 • In 1969, Jiang gained a seat on the Politburo. Later she returned to her own residence in the Spring Lotus Chamber. During this time, she made several requests to visit Mao Zedong's embalmed body in Beijing, but they were turned down. endobj [14] She required two sedatives over the course of a day and three sleeping pills to fall asleep. Apple Inc. All rights reserved. endobj 10 0 obj "Butterfield, Fox. [citation needed], After her arrest, Jiang Qing was sent to the Qincheng Prison and detained for five years. Jiang Qing maintained that all she had done was to defend Chairman Mao. 16 0 obj [citation needed], On 28 November 1938, Jiang and Mao married in a small private ceremony following approval by the Party's Central Committee. "Jiang Qing" is a pseudonym, adopted later in her life. Jiang Qing first collaborated with then second-in-charge Lin Biao, but after Lin Biao's death in 1971, she turned against him publicly in the Criticize Lin, Criticize Confucius Campaign. Jiang and Mao's only child together, a daughter named Li Na, was born in 1940. As the trial got under way, Jiang Qing dismissed her assigned lawyers, deciding instead to represent herself. REPORT MONITORAGGIO DAD DOCENTI DI SOSTEGNO a.s. 2019/2020. [14] When touring a troupe of young girls excelling in marksmanship, she "discovered" Joan Chen, then 14 years old, launching Joan's career as a Chinese and then international actress. Two years later, Jiang and her mother settled in Jinan. When the Tiananmen Square protests occurred, Jiang believed that the student activists were liberals rather than Maoists, but she blamed them on Deng Xiaoping, writing that "He let in all those Western ideas!". The defense's argument was that she obeyed the orders of Chairman Mao Zedong at all times. The indictment described two plots by the "Jiang Qing-Lin Biao Counter-revolutionary Clique" to seize power. She married Mao in Yan'an in November 1938 and served as the inaugural "First Lady" of the People's Republic of China. Hua Guofeng, as Mao's designated successor, held the titular power as the acting Chairman of the Communist Party and as Premier. endobj At the 9th Party Congress in April 1969, she was elevated to the Politburo. By showing the way the Gang of Four was tried, Deng Xiaoping wanted the people to realize that a new era had begun. Copyright © Portions of the 20,000-word indictment were printed in China's press before the trial started; they accused the defendants of a host of heinous crimes that took place during the Cultural Revolution. He famously asked Jiang who the writer, director, and composer were, to which she replied it was "created by the masses."[12]. 2 0 obj During her public trials at the "Special Court", Jiang Qing was the only member of the Gang of Four who argued on her own behalf. By 1983, her death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. LiDAR Scanner for more realistic AR. She incited radical youths organized as Red Guards against other senior political leaders and government officials, including Liu Shaoqi, the President at the time, and Deng Xiaoping, the Vice Premier. Mild temperature differences bothered her; thermostats were always set to 21.5 °C (70.7 °F) in winter and 26 °C (78.8 °F) in summer. Mao had just fallen asleep and needed to rest, but Jiang Qing insisted on rubbing his back and moving his limbs, and she sprinkled white powder on his body. The party apparatus, under orders from Jiang Qing and Zhang Chunqiao, wrote a eulogy affirming Mao's achievements in order to justify their claims to power. <>>> Edge-to-edge OLED display. Ceramic Shield. Although a prominent member of the Central Cultural Revolution Group and a major player in Chinese politics from 1966 to 1976, she essentially remained on the sidelines. [citation needed], She developed severe hypochondriasis and erratic nerves. Leading Actress in the film. [citation needed], Shortly after arriving in Yan'an, Jiang became involved with Mao Zedong. Our multimedia service, through this new integrated single platform, updates throughout the day, in text, audio and video – also making use of quality images and other media from across the UN system. In the evening, Jiang Qing, Zhang Chunqiao, Wang Hongwen, and Yao Wenyuan were arrested and kept in the lower level of Zhongnanhai. da Prof. Sergio Fabozzi su modello della comunità di pratica They determined that Jiang Qing and her associates must be removed by force in order to restore stability. �@���R�t C���X��CP�%[email protected]�R����f�[�(t� C��Qh�z#0 ��Z�l�`O8�����28.����p|�O×�X Her mother relocated them to Tianjin where Jiang worked as a child laborer in a cigarette factory for several months. endobj Le impostazioni dei cookies su questo sito sono impostati su "consenti cookies" .> Se si continua a utilizzare questo sito web senza cambiare le impostazioni del browser o si fa clic su "Accetto" di seguito, allora si acconsente a questo. <> All for $99. Chairman Mao now gave his support to the Gang of Four: Jiang Qing, Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan and Zhang Chunqiao. There is some evidence that the name signified her status as a communist and a severance from her "bourgeois" past. 17 0 obj [citation needed] She also used Li Jin to pen a number of articles she wrote during the Cultural Revolution. x��UMO�@�[���)���.B Q �-�[email protected]=�Ā�ġ��T������#�ڋ���{3ow�Opv�^�L������~�Fc\��3�b����� a_�ix*я:)�� �Ok��vь�� ��$>�\�^���z��2��q�*��u�B�\Yꬂ ���Ω�#q-�rc�l8����j��E8Dޓ8��g (vt;���5r��b�J�,��� ��0��Q-�����AY�=��. When Jiang enrolled in elementary school, she took the name Lǐ Yúnhè (李雲鶴), meaning "Crane in the Clouds", by which she was known for much of her early life. The medical team protested that the dust from the powder was not good for his lungs, but she instructed the nurses on duty to follow her example later. Lan Ping (Blue Apple) was the name she was known by within Chinese film circles and a name she came to identify with. Yu was arrested in April the same year and Jiang was subsequently shunned by his family. She was the fourth wife of Mao Zedong, the Chairman of the Communist Party and Paramount leader of China. Sono attività pensate e destinate a tutti i … [citation needed], Backed by her husband, she was appointed deputy director of the Central Cultural Revolution Group (CCRG) in 1966 and emerged as a serious political figure in the summer of that year. [2], The initial storm of the Cultural Revolution came to an end when President Liu Shaoqi was forced from all his posts on 13 October 1968. [citation needed], By this time, state media was effectively under the control of the Gang of Four. After Sun Weishi died following seven months of torture in a secret prison (at Jiang's direction), Jiang made sure that Sun's body was cremated and disposed of so that no autopsy could be performed, and so that Sun's family could not have her ashes. She was arrested in October 1976 by Hua Guofeng and his allies, and was subsequently condemned by party authorities. 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