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wilhelm gustloff ship

Hitler in his infinite military genius refuses to save what is left of the army and country; instead he fills ranks with young boys and old men to defend what was left to the end. She then received her red-cross identification paint scheme which was white with a green stripe around her hull and a red cross on her funnel. It was a … Please improve this article by adding a reference. [citation needed], In the panic that followed, many of the passengers were trampled in the rush to the lifeboats and life jackets. Escorting the Wilhelm Gustloff, was the Torpedo boat “Lowe”. Her luxurious interior was gutted and rebuilt-as operating, treatment and exam rooms as well as x-ray facilities and ward rooms. In this fascinating episode, he discusses the worst maritime disaster in history: the sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff in 1945. This single most important word orders his submariner’s west toward the allied lines for safety. [8], Less than 40 minutes after being struck, the Wilhelm Gustloff was lying on her side and sank bow-first, in 44 m (144 ft) of water. Any one hit was critical but the hit in the engine room dealt the ship a death blow. But due to lack of enemy ships pickings were quite few and far in between. For information about how to add references, see Template:Citation. This would make it the largest loss of life in a single sinking in maritime history.[5]. This once proud cruise ship, hospital ship, and floating barracks now had a price on her head, an enemy of the people, fair game for any war ship, airplane or submarine on the hunt. On January 30th at approximately 8pm with the escape ship sailing west and S-13 running on the surface the first officer on duty through the mist and snow sees faint ships lights in the distance and he immediately calls “Captain to the conning tower! She was built as “Volksgemeinschaft” meaning only one class, one ship for one people. The Soviet army has surrounded East Prussia. The Wilhelm Gustloff then spent the next year of her life docked in the Gulf of Danzig, then transferring to Oslo Norway tending her wounded. (Marinesko intended to fire four torpedoes but the fourth misfired and the crew had to disarm it. It is one of the largest shipwrecks on the Baltic Sea floor and has been attracting much interest from treasure hunters searching for the lost Amber Room. German soldiers wounded at Narvik being transported back to Germany on the Wilhelm Gustloff in July 1940. Captain Friedrich Petersen ordered emergency generators and all water tight doors to close & the wireless operator to send continuous S.O.S signals with her last known position, …  — … is tapped out as quickly and often as possible while there was still power. The Wilhelm Gustloff was the first purpose-built cruise liner for the German Labour Front (Deutsche Arbeitsfront, DAF) and used by subsidiary organisation Kraft durch Freude (KdF) (Strength Through Joy). Captain Marinesko gives the necessary orders and sub S-13 leaves the port of Turko on its last war patrol with two other Soviet submarines. 1,465 passengers (as designed) in 489 cabins: The MV Wilhelm Gustloff was a German ship which was sunk on 30 January 1945 by a Soviet submarine in the Baltic Sea while evacuating German civilians, officials and military personnel from Gdynia (Gotenhafen), occupied Poland, as the Red Army advanced. This is where the Wilhelm Gustloff begins her last chapter… she was now designated a “Military Transport” by the Soviet military and therefore a target to be sunk on sight. Alexander Marinesko was posthumously awarded Hero of the Soviet Union in 1990. She is to be used by the Second submarine training division to house about 1,000 sailors which will be her duty for the next four years. The enemy ship (with over 10,000 refugees on board) hit along the port side. The Little-Known Stories of the Wilhelm Gustloff, the General Steuben and the Goya". Freighters Gottingen and Gotenland arrived much too late and were only able to pluck frozen bodies out of the sea. The enemy ship (with over 10,000 refugees on board) hit along the port side. One enormous hole in the bow area, another hit the hull beneath the bridge (about where the swimming pool was located), and the third directly in the engine room. From Gross Admiral Karl Donitz came a one word coded message… “, Captain Marinesko gives the necessary orders and sub S-13 leaves the port of Turko on its last war patrol with two other Soviet submarines. In the controversial. The Gustloff’s captain immediately made preparations to get underway. Die Wilhelm Gustloff war ein Kabinen-Fahrgastschiff der NS-Organisation Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF). The third torpedo ("For Leningrad") struck the engine room in the area below the ship's funnel, cutting off electrical power to the ship. Her crew except for the Captain and several officers and of the black gang was released. By word of mouth terror and hysteria turned into flames of panic as news of Russian retribution and vengeance against any German man woman or child for deeds against the motherland and her people. The fourth torpedo (disarmed) was named "For Stalin". When he was informed by a mysterious radio message of an oncoming German minesweeper convoy, he decided to activate his ship's red and green navigation lights so as to avoid a collision in the dark, making the Wilhelm Gustloff easy to spot in the night. Wilhelm Gustloff's final voyage was to evacuate German refugees and military personnel as well as technicians who worked at advanced weapon bases in the Baltic[4] from Gdynia, then known to the Germans as Gotenhafen, to Kiel. At about 9:12pm with the crew tense at battle stations Captain Marinesko checks and takes the final bearings of his target and gives the order “FIRE TUBES 1-2-3-4!” With the men of the forward torpedo room working desperately to disarm and unload a hot torpedo 3 great explosions are heard and felt one after another. NARRATOR: January 1945 - the German Reich faces defeat in the Second World War. The true number of those on board that day will never be known. November 20, , 1940  finds the once showcase cruise ship being gutted again for another conversion into a “floating Barracks” with her crew cut down to only a few of her engine maintenance men and her captain. Listen Now The sinking of Nazi ship the Wilhelm Gustloff in 1945 was the worst maritime disaster in history – but it is also an incident that most of us have never heard of, not least because it doesn’t really fit the conventional western narrative of World War Two. "Wilhelm Gustloff: World's Deadliest Sea Disaster". On September 1st, 1939 she was requisitioned in to the Kriegsmarine… for the war effort a hospital ship for the Third Reich. Hitler in his infinite military genius refuses to save what is left of the army and country; instead he fills ranks with young boys and old men to defend what was left to the end. [citation needed], German forces were able to rescue some (a total of 1,252) of the survivors from the attack: torpedo boat T-36 rescued 564 people; torpedo boat Löwe, 472; Minesweeper M387, 98; Minesweeper M375, 43; Minesweeper M341, 37; the steamer Göttingen saved 28; torpedo-recovery boat (Torpedofangboot) TF19, seven; the freighter Gotland, two; and Patrol boat (Vorpostenboot) V1703 was able to save one baby. She is to be used by the. Her luxurious interior was gutted and rebuilt-as operating, treatment and exam rooms as well as x-ray facilities and ward rooms. Just 11 days after the sinking, the S-13 would sink another German ship, the SS General von Steuben, on 10 February, in which around 3000 people lost their lives. This tragedy truly began about seven years earlier with her delivery on March 15, 1938. Wilhelm Gustloff was assassinated by a Jewish medical student in 1936. She was to obtain minor repairs and replenishments and return to Oslo but her Captain received orders to proceed to Stettin and await further directives. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [10][11][12], Many ships carrying civilians were sunk during the war by both the Allies and Axis. She no longer wears her hospital white with green stripe, but instead she is painted in navy camouflage since the Gustloff is now a legitimate military target. Wilhelm Gustloff – FACTS – Glossary | Individuals, http://www.umgdy.gov.pl/pium/stronajednostki/podglad?id=28135, The Greatest Marine Disaster in History...and why you probably never heard of it, Shipwreck Expedition May 2003, led by Mike Boring, The Wilhelm Gustloff Museum – The Ultimate Visual Record, Maritimequest Wilhelm Gustloff Photo Gallery, Film about Gustloff survivors "Sinking the Gustloff", Details, map and position info on www.wrecksite.eu, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/MV_Wilhelm_Gustloff?oldid=4420281, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 12,000 nmi (22,000 km; 14,000 mi) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph).

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